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Guide to Growing Psilocybin Mushrooms

Introduction to the World of Shrooms

You are interested in cultivating psilocybin mushrooms but unsure where to begin. This guide will help you learn how to grow these mushrooms safely and responsibly. We will cover optimal information on growing conditions, needed materials, and equipment sourcing. We will also include inoculation techniques, incubation time, contamination recognition, harvesting methods, drying techniques, and storage procedures to make it easy for you to extract all the beneficial uses of shrooms. With the information you get here, you will learn the skills required to become a successful cultivator. However, the process requires patience, diligence, and adherence to strict sterilization protocols. When done correctly, you can reap the rewards of your efforts through medicine and spiritual and personal growth. Let’s dive into the fascinating world of mushrooms and learn more about it.

What are Shrooms?

Mushrooms, also known as magic mushrooms, are a variety of fungi that contain psychedelic properties, which are imparted by compounds like psilocin and psilocybin.

Psilocybin mushrooms are fungi that contain psychedelic properties due to the compound psilocin, which produces hallucinogenic effects when ingested. There are over 200 species of psilocybin mushrooms, the most well-known being Psilocybe cubensis. These mushrooms grow wild in tropical and subtropical environments but can also be cultivated at home.

How are Shrooms Grown?

Psilocybin mushroom cultivation might be illegal in many places but still has a lot of interest due to its outcomes. It involves growing mycelium on a nutritious substrate like rice or grain in a humid environment. The mycelium, which consists of long root-like filaments, digests the substrate to produce mushrooms. Proper temperature, light exposure, ventilation, and humidity are the basic requirements for successful cultivation.

Precautions and Uses

While psilocybin may have therapeutic potential for certain mental health conditions, mushrooms can also have psychological and physical effects on the person if consumed in high doses. This is the reason they have not gained legal status in many countries and states. There are places that have decriminalized the personal use and possession of shrooms. However, there still need to be many precautions carried out by the individual consuming them.

When used in controlled settings, psilocybin has shown promising results for depression treatment and has positive effects on anxiety, addiction, and other similar conditions. The experience can provide a change in perspective and a renewed sense of meaning. This also includes a renewed sense of spiritual connection for some users. However, psilocybin also poses a risk if misused, so one should always consider taking medical guidance and getting medical supervision before consuming it.

The Benefits and Uses of Magic Mushrooms

Medicinal and Therapeutic Uses

Mushrooms are found to have promising therapeutic and medical benefits. There are many studies that show how psilocybin can help in the treatment of PTSD, depression, anxiety, and addiction. The psychedelic experience that people get after consuming mushrooms gives them a new perspective and opens up their minds for acceptance and creativity. A person’s thought patterns change, allowing them to release the pressure they have been building up in their mind, gain a fresh outlook, and remove all the negative thinking patterns. The suicidal thoughts and anxiety leading to end-of-life thoughts are seen to be treated by the use of psilocybin. Since it affects depression and similar mental conditions, it is found to be very effective for therapeutic uses.

Spiritual and Mystical Experience

Many people use psilocybin mushrooms for spiritual reasons, to experience the transcendence of the self, and to feel a sense of connection and unity. Users claim that these mushrooms can produce mystical experiences and a deep sense of connection to something greater than themselves. Some describe a sense of dissolving ego and a profound feeling of interconnectedness with all beings. These types of experiences lead to positive and lasting life changes for the users.

Recreational Use

Some people use psilocybin mushrooms for recreational and social reasons, similar to using cannabis or alcohol. Often, it is considered one of the ways of enjoyment at parties or with friends, where everyone can get a sense of high and happiness. When used in low to moderate doses, the euphoric effects produced by psilocybin can alter senses and enhance social interactions. While psilocybin is considered a non-addictive and less harmful recreational drug, it still carries some risks as there are with any other form of recreational edibles. It is essential to be aware of the legality of psilocybin in your area and take proper precautions regarding dosage, setting, and mental health considerations if choosing to use psilocybin mushrooms recreationally.

Psilocybin mushrooms show promising potential for spiritual, therapeutic, and recreational uses when used carefully and properly. However, they remain illegal in many places, and there are risks to be aware of, so it is essential that people do thorough research and be cautious before proceeding.

How to Grow Psilocybin Mushrooms at Home?

Obtaining Spores

The first step in cultivating psilocybin mushrooms is acquiring spores or mushroom seeds legally. You can order the spores online or purchase spore print kits to harvest your own spores. Spore prints contain millions of spores and provide ample amounts of seeds for cultivation. Make sure you order spores from a reputable and legal vendor.

Preparing Substrate

Psilocybin mushrooms require a substrate, such as grains (rye, wheat) or wood chips (aspen), to colonize. Soak the substrate in water for 12 to 24 hours, then drain and sterilize it by pressure cooking at 15 PSI for 2 hours. Once it is cooled, inoculate the substrate with spores in a still air box or glove box. Seal the container and incubate at room temperature.

Colonizing Substrate

Within 7 to 14 days, the mycelium, which is the white root-like structure, will colonize the substrate. Gently break up the substrate to distribute the mycelium. Re-seal and continue incubation. When the substrate is fully colonized, it is referred to as a “spawn.” The spawn can be used to inoculate a bulk substrate.

Fruiting Conditions

To produce mushroom-fruiting bodies, the spawn must be exposed to light and fresh air. Transfer the spawn to a container with holes for air exchange, such as a shotgun fruiting chamber. Maintain high humidity by misting with water and fanning for air circulation. Within 7 to 14 days, fruiting bodies will emerge and mature into mushrooms ready for harvest.

Harvesting and Drying

Harvesting and drying mushrooms is a procedure normally done to maintain them for later use. Here are some standard steps you may follow:


Use a knife or scissors to cut the mushrooms at the base of the stem, being careful not to disturb the surrounding area or other mushrooms. Harvest mushrooms when they are fully mature, but before they start to release spores. This is usually when the caps have fully opened.


Gently brush off any dirt or debris from the mushrooms using a soft brush or cloth. Avoid washing them with water unless absolutely necessary, as mushrooms are porous and can absorb water, which can affect their texture and flavor.


There are several methods you can use to dry mushrooms:

Air Drying:

Place the cleaned mushrooms on a drying rack or a tray lined with paper towels. Ensure good air circulation and keep them in a well-ventilated area until they are completely dry. This method can take several days to a week depending on the humidity levels.

Oven Drying:

Preheat your oven to a low temperature (around 130-150°F or 60-65°C). Arrange the cleaned mushrooms on a baking sheet in a single layer and place them in the oven. Keep the oven door slightly ajar to allow moisture to escape. Check the mushrooms regularly and remove them once they are dry but still slightly pliable.


If you have a food dehydrator, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for drying mushrooms. Typically, you’ll set the dehydrator to a low temperature (around 120-130°F or 50-55°C) and dry the mushrooms until they are crisp.


Once the mushrooms are dehydrated, store them in airtight containers or glass jars with tight-fitting lids. Keep them in a cool, dark, and dry place to maintain their quality. Properly dried and stored mushrooms can last for several months to a year, depending on the type of mushroom and storage conditions.

It’s important to note that different types of mushrooms may require slightly different drying methods or times, so it’s a good idea to research specific recommendations for the type of mushrooms you’re growing. Additionally, always exercise caution when handling wild mushrooms and ensure they are safe for consumption before harvesting and drying them.

Choosing the Right Mushroom Spores and Substrates

Choosing the proper mushroom spores and substrates is critical for successful mushroom cultivation. Here are some key considerations for each component:

Mushroom Spores:

Species Selection: Choose mushroom species that are suitable for your climate, growing environment, and desired harvest. Common ones suitable for eating and cultivation include oyster mushrooms, shiitake, button mushrooms, and morels. Species selection is very important when it comes to growing the right kind of mushrooms. The choice of mushrooms can be yours, but selecting the spores should be done from a genuine and well-known place to ensure there are no issues regarding the quality of the spores, and the kind of mushrooms you get out of them will be of the right species that you expected it to be. Cultivating psilocybe mushrooms, obtaining the spores from a reputable source, and preparing substrate that will help provide the right kind of support for healthy mycelial growth are the first steps that need to be taken.

Quality: Purchase high-quality spores from official suppliers or sources. Ensure that the spores are viable and free from contaminants. Psilocybin mushroom spores can be purchased legally in most places, but it is important to verify the legality of the place to get genuine quality products.

Compatibility: Consider the substrate requirements of the mushroom species. Some mushrooms prefer particular substrates, such as hardwood sawdust for shiitake or straw for oyster mushrooms.


Type: Different mushroom species thrive on different substrates. For example:

  • Oyster mushrooms can grow on a variety of substrates, such as straw, coffee grounds, and agricultural by-products like corn cobs or cottonseed hulls.
  • Shiitake mushrooms prefer hardwood sawdust or logs, particularly oak, beech, or maple.
  • Button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) are often grown on composted manure or a mixture of straw and horse manure.

Preparation: Prepare the substrate according to the specific requirements of the mushroom species. This may involve sterilization or pasteurization to eliminate competing microorganisms and create a favorable environment for mushroom growth.

Moisture and pH: Ensure that the substrate has the proper moisture content and pH level for the chosen mushroom species. Most mushrooms prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH levels (around 6.0-7.5).

Other Considerations:

Growing Environment: Consider the growing environment, including temperature, humidity, light conditions, and airflow. Different mushrooms have varying requirements, so adjust the environment accordingly.

Inoculation: Inoculate the prepared substrate with mushroom spores or mycelium. This can be done using spore syringes, spawn bags, or inoculation tools. Follow proper sterilization or pasteurization procedures during inoculation to prevent contamination.

Maintenance: Monitor the growth of mycelium and mushrooms and provide proper care with regular watering, temperature control, and pest management.

How to Store Shrooms Properly?

Storing mushrooms well is essential to maintain their freshness, flavor, and nutritional value. Here are the steps to store mushrooms properly:


Use a soft brush or cloth to clean the mushrooms gently. Avoid washing them with water unless absolutely necessary, as mushrooms are porous and can absorb water, which can cause a loss of taste and texture.

If you must rinse the mushrooms, do so quickly under cold running water and pat them dry with a paper towel immediately afterward. Do not soak mushrooms in water.


Inspect the mushrooms for any discolored or bruised areas. Trim these parts off using a sharp knife or kitchen shears. Removing these damaged portions helps prolong the freshness of the remaining mushroom.

Choose the Right Container:

Opt for a breathable container for storing mushrooms. Examples include a paper bag, a perforated plastic bag, or a container with ventilation holes. This allows excess moisture to escape and prevents the mushrooms from becoming soggy.

Do not store mushrooms in airtight containers or sealed plastic bags without ventilation, as this can create a moist environment that promotes spoilage.

Storage Location:

Place the container of mushrooms in the main compartment of the refrigerator. Avoid storing them in the refrigerator door or crisper drawer, as these areas may experience temperature fluctuations.

Maintain a consistent temperature inside the refrigerator between 32-36°F (0-2°C) to keep the mushrooms fresh longer.

Temperature and Humidity:

Mushrooms prefer cool temperatures and high humidity levels. However, they should not be stored in a damp environment that can lead to moisture buildup.

If the refrigerator tends to be dry, you can place a small bowl of water near the mushrooms to increase humidity slightly without directly exposing them to moisture.

Use Paper Towels:

Line the bottom of the storage container with dry paper towels before adding the mushrooms. The paper towels help absorb excess moisture, keeping the mushrooms dry and fresh.

You can also place a layer of paper towels on top of the mushrooms before sealing the container to further absorb any moisture.

Avoid Plastic Wrap:

Refrain from wrapping mushrooms in plastic wrap or storing them in tightly sealed plastic bags without ventilation. This can create a moist environment that promotes mold growth and accelerates spoilage.

If you use a plastic bag, make sure it is perforated or leave the bag slightly open to allow airflow.

Check and Rotate:

Periodically check the mushrooms for any signs of spoilage, such as sliminess, dark spots, or a foul smell. Remove any spoiled mushrooms immediately to prevent them from affecting the rest.

Gently rotate the mushrooms in the container every few days to ensure even airflow and prevent moisture buildup on any one side.

Use Them Promptly:

Mushrooms are best consumed fresh, so try to use them within a few days of buying or harvesting for optimal flavor and texture.

If you have excess mushrooms, consider preserving them through methods such as drying, freezing, or cooking and then freezing for longer storage.

By following these detailed steps, you can store mushrooms properly to maintain their freshness and extend their shelf life in the refrigerator.

Microdosing Psilocybin Safely and Responsibly

Microdosing psilocybin refers to the practice of ingesting small, sub-perceptual doses of the psychedelic compound found in certain species of mushrooms, such as Psilocybe cubensis. This practice has gained popularity in recent years due to anecdotal reports suggesting potential benefits for mental health, creativity, and cognitive function. However, it’s crucial to approach microdosing psilocybin with caution, responsibility, and awareness of potential risks and legal considerations.

What is Microdosing Psilocybin?

Microdosing involves taking a fraction of a typical psychedelic dose, usually ranging from 0.1 grams to 0.5 grams of dried psilocybin-containing mushrooms. The goal is to experience subtle effects, often described as mood enhancement, increased focus, creativity, and emotional clarity without the full-blown psychedelic experience associated with higher doses.

Safety Considerations:

Dosage Accuracy:

Accurate dosing is essential in microdosing to avoid unintended effects or overdosing. Use a reliable scale to measure precise amounts of dried mushrooms.

Start with the lowest effective dose and gradually adjust based on personal response and tolerance. Keep a detailed journal to track dosage, effects, and any significant changes.

Source and Quality:

Obtain mushrooms from a trusted and reputable supplier to ensure purity, potency, and safety.

Properly identify the species of mushrooms to avoid consuming toxic or misidentified varieties.

Health and Medical Considerations:

Consult with a healthcare professional before starting a microdosing regimen, especially if you have underlying medical conditions, are taking medications, or have a history of mental health issues.

Monitor your physical and mental well-being throughout microdosing and stop if any adverse effects or concerns arise.

Set and Setting:

Create a supportive and comfortable environment for microdosing that is free from distractions and stressors.

Practice mindfulness and set intentions for the experience to enhance self-awareness and introspection.

Potential Benefits:

Mood Enhancement:

Many individuals report improved mood, reduced anxiety, and a sense of well-being when microdosing psilocybin. These effects may be attributed to the compound’s interaction with serotonin receptors in the brain.

Cognitive Enhancement:

Some users experience enhanced cognitive function, including improved focus, creativity, problem-solving abilities, and mental clarity.

Microdosing may also enhance learning, memory consolidation, and cognitive flexibility.

Emotional Insights:

Microdosing can facilitate emotional processing and introspection, leading to increased self-awareness, empathy, and emotional resilience.

It may help individuals explore and address underlying emotional patterns, traumas, or behavioral habits.

Well-being and Productivity:

Microdosing may contribute to increased productivity, motivation, and engagement in daily activities.

Some users report higher energy levels, reduced procrastination, and a more positive outlook on life.

Responsible Microdosing Practices:

Education and Research:

Educate yourself about psilocybin, its effects, potential risks, and legal status in your area.

Stay updated with scientific research, user experiences, and harm reduction strategies related to microdosing.

Personalized Approach:

Microdosing effects can vary widely among individuals. Tailor your dosage, frequency, and schedule based on personal goals, preferences, and responses.

Avoid comparing your experience to others and focus on your unique journey and insights.

Integration and Reflection:

Integrate microdosing experiences into your daily life mindfully. Reflect on insights, changes, and challenges that arise during the process.

Consider journaling, meditation, or therapy to deepen self-exploration and integration of microdosing insights.

Legal and Ethical Considerations:

Be aware of the legal status of psilocybin in your area. Microdosing with illegal substances carries legal risks.

Respect local laws and regulations regarding psychedelic substances and prioritize safety and harm reduction.

Community and Support:

Connect with a supportive community of microdosing, researchers, and advocates to share experiences, resources, and best practices.

Seek guidance from experienced individuals or psychedelic integration therapists for personalized assistance and support.

Risks and Considerations:

Psychological Vulnerability:

Individuals with a history of mental health issues, such as psychosis, bipolar disorder, or severe anxiety, may be more vulnerable to negative effects from psilocybin, even at microdoses.

Consult with a mental health professional before microdosing if you have a history of mental health issues.

Unexpected Effects:

While microdosing aims to produce subtle effects, individual responses can vary. Some users may experience unexpected reactions, such as increased anxiety, irritability, or mood swings.

Monitor your mental and emotional state carefully and discontinue microdosing if adverse effects persist or worsen.

Dependency and Tolerance:

Regular microdosing may lead to tolerance buildup, diminishing the desired effects over time. Consider incorporating breaks or cycling periods to prevent tolerance.

Avoid developing a dependency on microdosing as a sole coping mechanism for psychological or emotional challenges.

Legal and Social Implications:

Psilocybin-containing mushrooms are classified as illegal substances in many countries. Engaging in microdosing involves legal risks and potential consequences if caught possessing or using illegal substances.

Consider the social and professional implications of discussing or disclosing microdosing practices, as stigma and misconceptions about psychedelics persist in society.


Microdosing psilocybin can be a transformative and enlightening experience when approached with caution, responsibility, and awareness. It has the potential to offer benefits in mood enhancement, cognitive function, emotional insights, and overall well-being. However, it is essential to prioritize safety, educate oneself, consult with healthcare professionals, and adhere to legal and ethical guidelines. By practicing responsible microdosing and integrating insights mindfully, individuals can harness the potential of psilocybin for personal growth, self-discovery, and holistic wellness.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are Magic Mushrooms?

Magic mushrooms are fungi that contain psychoactive compounds such as psilocybin and psilocin. These compounds can induce altered states of consciousness, psychedelic experiences, and perceptual changes when ingested.

What is Psilocybin?

Psilocybin is a psychedelic compound found in certain species of mushrooms, such as Psilocybe cubensis. It interacts with serotonin receptors in the brain, leading to alterations in perception, mood, and cognition.

Are Magic Mushrooms Legal?

The legal status of magic mushrooms varies by country and jurisdiction. In many places, including the United States, psilocybin-containing mushrooms are classified as illegal substances and are subject to legal regulations.

What are the Effects of Magic Mushrooms?

The effects of magic mushrooms can vary widely depending on factors such as dosage, individual sensitivity, and setting. Common effects include altered perception of time and space, visual distortions, changes in mood and emotions, introspective insights, and heightened sensory experiences.

How Do You Consume Magic Mushrooms?

Magic mushrooms are typically consumed orally. Users can eat the dried mushrooms directly, brew them into tea, or incorporate them into food or drinks. Some users may also consume mushroom extracts or capsules containing psilocybin.

What is Microdosing with Magic Mushrooms?

Microdosing involves taking sub-perceptual doses of magic mushrooms (usually around 0.1-0.5 grams of dried mushrooms) on a regular schedule. The goal is to experience subtle cognitive enhancements, mood improvement, and creative stimulation without the full psychedelic experience.

Are There Risks Associated with Magic Mushroom Use?

While magic mushrooms are generally considered safe when used responsibly and in appropriate settings, there are potential risks. These include psychological distress, anxiety or panic reactions, adverse interactions with medications or pre-existing mental health conditions, and legal consequences due to the illegal status of psilocybin.

Can Magic Mushrooms be Used for Therapeutic Purposes?

There is growing interest in the therapeutic potential of psilocybin for treating conditions such as depression, anxiety, PTSD, addiction, and end-of-life distress. Research studies and clinical trials are exploring the efficacy and safety of psilocybin-assisted therapy in controlled settings.

How Long Do the Effects of Magic Mushrooms Last?

The duration of magic mushroom effects can vary depending on factors such as dosage, individual metabolism, and set and setting. Generally, the effects of a standard dose (1-2 grams of dried mushrooms) can last around 4-6 hours, with the peak effects occurring within the first 2-3 hours.

Are There Methods to Reduce the Risks of Magic Mushroom Use?

Use mushrooms in a safe, comfortable environment with trusted individuals (set and setting).

Start with a low dose if you are new to psychedelics, and gradually increase as needed.

Avoid mixing magic mushrooms with alcohol or other substances.

Have a sober and experienced trip sitter present to provide guidance and support if needed.

Educate yourself about harm reduction practices, dosage recommendations, and potential interactions with medications or health conditions.

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